Carlos Enríquez is one of the most emblematic artists of the First Cuban Artistic Vanguard. Known also as the painter of transparencies, he had a natural gift for painting and did not receive academic training, like other artists of his generation. He was an artist many times rejected by the controversial subjects that he tried in his works, focused, above all to the social evils that were lived in Cuba during the decades of the 30 and 40.
In 1935, the year in which Carlos Enríquez returns to Cuba, after his journey through the old continent, he begins to define thematic paths that would identify his painting. This is how it is identified with the Romancero Guajiro and includes scenes referring to the rural environment, the peasants and their daily life. He does not abandon his beautiful women, or the eroticism of the female anatomy, but he concentrates on representing the legends of the countryside, the image of heroes and bandits, the memory of the patriots and the themes of national sentiment. Undoubtedly, the component of social denunciation is what makes his work one of the most important examples of Cuban modernism in the visual arts and Carlos Enríquez one of the main artists of Cuban art in the first half of the twentieth century.