Wifredo Lam is frequently cited as Cuba's most famous artist. He was born in Las Villas, in 1902, of an Afro-Cuban mother with Hispanic heritage and Chinese father. Lam's legacy as an Asian Afro-Cuban is what has come to define him as a symbol of Cuba and the Cuban man, although Lam was born in a tradition of both Catholicism and Santeria, it was not until after he spent some time in Europe with Picasso, Michel Leiris and other similar figures that connected artistically with their roots and heritage.

He was one of the first black artists to become famous on the art scene in Europe and the Americas after World War II. It seemed to offer a strange synthesis of African motifs and vanguard styles, claiming and intensifying the use of African masks and other so-called "primitive" elements in Cubism and Surrealism. However, Lam himself claimed to be making visions that would "disturb the dreams of the exploiters." The Cuban artist is most cited through the history of Cuban art at an international level.

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